There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper you may quote you may paraphrase or you may summarize all three require an in-text ( parenthetical) citation in-text citations you cannot use information from any website or published book unless you give the author (or site) credit--both inside. In a literary analysis paper, for example, you''ll want to quote from the literary text rather than summarize, because part of your task in this kind of paper is to analyze the specific words and phrases an author uses in research papers, you should quote from a source to show that an authority supports your point to present a. Mla (modern language association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities this resource, updated to reflect the mla handbook (8th ed), offers examples for the general format of mla research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and. Quotes using quotations in scientific writing unlike other styles of writing, scientific writing rarely includes direct quotations why • quotations usually detract the writer who understands her subject can always find a way to paraphrase from a research article without to open a paper with a historical or political quote. Page | 1 using quotations and quotation marks in college writing written by jay brandes updated 9/8/2011 this material was prepared as part of the troy univer- sity class presentation writing a plagiarism-free research paper always follow the writing style prescribed by your instructor for american psychological. Introducing a quotation one of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text don't simply drop quotations into your paper and leave it to the reader to make connections integrating a quotation into your text usually involves two elements: a signal that a quotation is coming--generally the author's name.
Three simple tips for integrating quotations into your essay writing--apa and mla research papers, theses, dissertations. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes lester, james d writing research papers 2nd ed (1976): 46-47 a legitimate paraphrase: in research papers students often. What this means is that anytime you cite a source, whether it be a direct quote or a paraphrase you must then insert an in line citation into the text of the paper typically the in line citation would consist of the authors last name followed by the page number with the entire citation in brackets here is an example: ( winthrop 24). The mla handbook is a fairly comprehensive resource for formatting your citations, but occasionally you may find yourself wanting to cite a type of source that isn't covered by their examples what to do remember that the primary purposes of your reference are to give credit where it is due, and to direct your reader back.
But packing your paper with quotations will not necessarily strengthen your argument the majority and quotations are only one type of evidence: well- balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics turabian, kate l a manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations 6th ed. A mcmaster university research team lead by geneticist sam d mcnabb, working with embryos from seven different species, published a paper in nature in 2015, reporting that: the gene we have isolated is almost certainly responsible for triggering embryonic differentiation of the cells that eventually become the.
Integrating quotes and paraphrases in research papers if you lack personal experience in a subject, you will turn to sources to learn what you need to know you will attach a bibliography to your paper, and you will integrate the ideas from other writers through paraphrase, summary, and direct quotation. Quotations can give some breath and life to a research paper, when used appropriately while you should not use too many quotations -- one or two per five-page paper would work -- they can highlight a point you're trying to make from an expert in the field if you had the opportunity to interview an.